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Command Line Interface (CLI)

...About 6 min

Command Line Interface (CLI)

IoTDB provides Cli/shell tools for users to interact with IoTDB server in command lines. This document shows how Cli/shell tool works and the meaning of its parameters.

Note: In this document, $IOTDB_HOME represents the path of the IoTDB installation directory.


If you use the source code version of IoTDB, then under the root path of IoTDB, execute:

> mvn clean package -pl iotdb-client/cli -am -DskipTests -P get-jar-with-dependencies

After build, the IoTDB Cli will be in the folder "cli/target/iotdb-cli-{project.version}".

If you download the binary version, then the Cli can be used directly in sbin folder.


Running Cli

After installation, there is a default user in IoTDB: root, and the
default password is root. Users can use this username to try IoTDB Cli/Shell tool. The cli startup script is the start-cli file under the $IOTDB_HOME/bin folder. When starting the script, you need to specify the IP and PORT. (Make sure the IoTDB cluster is running properly when you use Cli/Shell tool to connect to it.)

Here is an example where the cluster is started locally and the user has not changed the running port. The default rpc port is

If you need to connect to the remote DataNode or changes
the rpc port number of the DataNode running, set the specific IP and RPC PORT at -h and -p.

You also can set your own environment variable at the front of the start script ("/sbin/" for linux and "/sbin/start-cli.bat" for windows)

The Linux and MacOS system startup commands are as follows:

Shell > bash sbin/ -h -p 6667 -u root -pw root

The Windows system startup commands are as follows:

Shell > sbin\start-cli.bat -h -p 6667 -u root -pw root

After operating these commands, the cli can be started successfully. The successful status will be as follows:

 _____       _________  ______   ______
|_   _|     |  _   _  ||_   _ `.|_   _ \
  | |   .--.|_/ | | \_|  | | `. \ | |_) |
  | | / .'`\ \  | |      | |  | | |  __'.
 _| |_| \__. | _| |_    _| |_.' /_| |__) |
|_____|'.__.' |_____|  |______.'|_______/  version <version>

Successfully login at

Enter quit or exit can exit Cli.

Cli Parameters

Parameter nameParameter typeRequiredDescriptionExample
-disableISO8601No parametersNoIf this parameter is set, IoTDB will print the timestamp in digital form-disableISO8601
-h <host>string, no quotation marksYesThe IP address of the IoTDB server-h
-helpNo parametersNoPrint help information for IoTDB-help
-p <rpcPort>intYesThe rpc port number of the IoTDB server. IoTDB runs on rpc port 6667 by default-p 6667
-pw <password>string, no quotation marksNoThe password used for IoTDB to connect to the server. If no password is entered, IoTDB will ask for password in Cli command-pw root
-u <username>string, no quotation marksYesUser name used for IoTDB to connect the server-u root
-maxPRC <maxPrintRowCount>intNoSet the maximum number of rows that IoTDB returns-maxPRC 10
-e <execute>stringNomanipulate IoTDB in batches without entering cli input mode-e "show databases"
-cemptyNoIf the server enables rpc_thrift_compression_enable=true, then cli must use -c-c

Following is a cli command which connects the host with IP, rpc port 6667, username "root", password "root", and prints the timestamp in digital form. The maximum number of lines displayed on the IoTDB command line is 10.

The Linux and MacOS system startup commands are as follows:

Shell > bash sbin/ -h -p 6667 -u root -pw root -disableISO8601 -maxPRC 10

The Windows system startup commands are as follows:

Shell > sbin\start-cli.bat -h -p 6667 -u root -pw root -disableISO8601 -maxPRC 10

CLI Special Command

Special commands of Cli are below.

CommandDescription / Example
set time_display_type=xxxeg. long, default, ISO8601, yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss
show time_display_typeshow time display type
set time_zone=xxxeg. +08:00, Asia/Shanghai
show time_zoneshow cli time zone
set fetch_size=xxxset fetch size when querying data from server
show fetch_sizeshow fetch size
set max_display_num=xxxset max lines for cli to output, -1 equals to unlimited
helpGet hints for CLI special commands
exit/quitExit CLI

Note on using the CLI with OpenID Connect Auth enabled on Server side

Openid connect (oidc) uses keycloack as the authority authentication service of oidc service


The configuration is located in , set the author_provider_class is org.apache.iotdb.commons.auth.authorizer.OpenIdAuthorizer Openid service is enabled, and the default value is org.apache.iotdb.db.auth.authorizer.LocalFileAuthorizer Indicates that the openid service is not enabled.


If the openid service is turned on, openid_URL is required,openID_url value is http://ipopen in new window:port/realms/


keycloack configuration

1、Download the keycloack file (This tutorial is version 21.1.0) and start keycloack in keycloack/bin

Shell >cd bin
Shell >./ start-dev

2、use url(https://ipopen in new window:port) login keycloack, the first login needs to create a user

3、Click administration console

4、In the master menu on the left, click Create realm and enter Realm name to create a new realm


5、Click the menu clients on the left to create clients


6、Click user on the left menu to create user


7、Click the newly created user ID, click the credentials navigation, enter the password and close the temporary option. The configuration of keycloud is completed


8、To create a role, click Roles on the left menu and then click the Create Role button to add a role


9、 Enter iotdb_admin in the Role Name and click the save button. Tip: iotdb_admin here cannot be any other name, otherwise even after successful login, you will not have permission to use iotdb's query, insert, create database, add users, roles and other functions


10、Click on the User menu on the left and then click on the user in the user list to add the iotdb_admin role we just created for that user


11、 Select Role Mappings, select the iotdb_admin role in Assign Role


Tip: If the user role is adjusted, you need to regenerate the token and log in to iotdb again to take effect

The above steps provide a way for keycloak to log into iotdb. For more ways, please refer to keycloak configuration

If OIDC is enabled on server side then no username / passwort is needed but a valid Access Token from the OIDC Provider.
So as username you use the token and the password has to be empty, e.g.

Shell > bash sbin/ -h -p 6667 -u {my-access-token} -pw ""

Among them, you need to replace {my access token} (note, including {}) with your token, that is, the value corresponding to access_token. The password is empty and needs to be confirmed again.


How to get the token is dependent on your OpenID Connect setup and not covered here.
In the simplest case you can get this via the command line with the passwort-grant.
For example, if you use keycloack as OIDC and you have a realm with a client iotdb defined as public you could use
the following curl command to fetch a token (replace all {} with appropriate values).

curl -X POST "https://{your-keycloack-server}/realms/{your-realm}/protocol/openid-connect/token" \                                                                                                                      
 -H "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded" \
 -d "username={username}" \
 -d "password={password}" \
 -d 'grant_type=password' \
 -d "client_id=iotdb-client"

The response looks something like

{"access_token":"eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1NiIsInR5cCIgOiAiSldUIiwia2lkIiA6ICJxMS1XbTBvelE1TzBtUUg4LVNKYXAyWmNONE1tdWNXd25RV0tZeFpKNG93In0.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.nwbrJkWdCNjzFrTDwKNuV5h9dDMg5ytRKGOXmFIajpfsbOutJytjWTCB2WpA8E1YI3KM6gU6Jx7cd7u0oPo5syHhfCz119n_wBiDnyTZkFOAPsx0M2z20kvBLN9k36_VfuCMFUeddJjO31MeLTmxB0UKg2VkxdczmzMH3pnalhxqpnWWk3GnrRrhAf2sZog0foH4Ae3Ks0lYtYzaWK_Yo7E4Px42-gJpohy3JevOC44aJ4auzJR1RBj9LUbgcRinkBy0JLi6XXiYznSC2V485CSBHW3sseXn7pSXQADhnmGQrLfFGO5ZljmPO18eFJaimdjvgSChsrlSEmTDDsoo5Q","expires_in":300,"refresh_expires_in":1800,"refresh_token":"eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiIsInR5cCIgOiAiSldUIiwia2lkIiA6ICJhMzZlMGU0NC02MWNmLTQ5NmMtOGRlZi03NTkwNjQ5MzQzMjEifQ.eyJleHAiOjE1OTAzOTk1NzEsImlhdCI6MTU5MDM5Nzc3MSwianRpIjoiNmMxNTBiY2EtYmE5NC00NTgxLWEwODEtYjI2YzhhMmI5YmZmIiwiaXNzIjoiaHR0cDovL2F1dGguZGVtby5wcmFnbWF0aWNpbmR1c3RyaWVzLmRlL2F1dGgvcmVhbG1zL0lvVERCIiwiYXVkIjoiaHR0cDovL2F1dGguZGVtby5wcmFnbWF0aWNpbmR1c3RyaWVzLmRlL2F1dGgvcmVhbG1zL0lvVERCIiwic3ViIjoiYmEzMmU0NzEtYzc3Mi00YjMzLThkYTYtNmZlOGFjZGEwMDczIiwidHlwIjoiUmVmcmVzaCIsImF6cCI6ImlvdGRiIiwic2Vzc2lvbl9zdGF0ZSI6IjA2MGQyODYyLTE0ZWQtNDJmZS1iYWY3LThkMWY3ODQ2NTdmMSIsInNjb3BlIjoiZW1haWwgcHJvZmlsZSJ9.ayNpXdNX28qahodX1zowrMGiUCw2AodlHBQFqr8Ui7c","token_type":"bearer","not-before-policy":0,"session_state":"060d2862-14ed-42fe-baf7-8d1f784657f1","scope":"email profile"}

The interesting part here is the access token with the key access_token.
This has to be passed as username (with parameter -u) and empty password to the CLI.

Batch Operation of Cli

-e parameter is designed for the Cli/shell tool in the situation where you would like to manipulate IoTDB in batches through scripts. By using the -e parameter, you can operate IoTDB without entering the cli's input mode.

In order to avoid confusion between statements and other parameters, the current version only supports the -e parameter as the last parameter.

The usage of -e parameter for Cli/shell is as follows:

The Linux and MacOS system commands:

Shell > bash sbin/ -h {host} -p {rpcPort} -u {user} -pw {password} -e {sql for iotdb}

The Windows system commands:

Shell > sbin\start-cli.bat -h {host} -p {rpcPort} -u {user} -pw {password} -e {sql for iotdb}

In the Windows environment, the SQL statement of the -e parameter needs to use `` to replace " "

In order to better explain the use of -e parameter, take following as an example(On linux system).

Suppose you want to create a database root.demo to a newly launched IoTDB, create a timeseries root.demo.s1 and insert three data points into it. With -e parameter, you could write a shell like this:

# !/bin/bash


bash ./sbin/ -h ${host} -p ${rpcPort} -u ${user} -pw ${pass} -e "create database root.demo"
bash ./sbin/ -h ${host} -p ${rpcPort} -u ${user} -pw ${pass} -e "create timeseries root.demo.s1 WITH DATATYPE=INT32, ENCODING=RLE"
bash ./sbin/ -h ${host} -p ${rpcPort} -u ${user} -pw ${pass} -e "insert into root.demo(timestamp,s1) values(1,10)"
bash ./sbin/ -h ${host} -p ${rpcPort} -u ${user} -pw ${pass} -e "insert into root.demo(timestamp,s1) values(2,11)"
bash ./sbin/ -h ${host} -p ${rpcPort} -u ${user} -pw ${pass} -e "insert into root.demo(timestamp,s1) values(3,12)"
bash ./sbin/ -h ${host} -p ${rpcPort} -u ${user} -pw ${pass} -e "select s1 from root.demo"

The results are shown in the figure, which are consistent with the Cli and jdbc operations.

 Shell > bash ./ 
|                         Time|root.demo.s1|
|1970-01-01T08:00:00.001+08:00|          10|
|1970-01-01T08:00:00.002+08:00|          11|
|1970-01-01T08:00:00.003+08:00|          12|
Total line number = 3
It costs 0.267s

It should be noted that the use of the -e parameter in shell scripts requires attention to the escaping of special characters.

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