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Data Repairing

About 7 min

Data Repairing

TimestampRepair

This function is used for timestamp repair.
According to the given standard time interval,
the method of minimizing the repair cost is adopted.
By fine-tuning the timestamps,
the original data with unstable timestamp interval is repaired to strictly equispaced data.
If no standard time interval is given,
this function will use the median, mode or cluster of the time interval to estimate the standard time interval.

Name: TIMESTAMPREPAIR

Input Series: Only support a single input series. The data type is INT32 / INT64 / FLOAT / DOUBLE.

Parameters:

  • interval: The standard time interval whose unit is millisecond. It is a positive integer. By default, it will be estimated according to the given method.
  • method: The method to estimate the standard time interval, which is 'median', 'mode' or 'cluster'. This parameter is only valid when interval is not given. By default, median will be used.

Output Series: Output a single series. The type is the same as the input. This series is the input after repairing.

Examples

Manually Specify the Standard Time Interval

When interval is given, this function repairs according to the given standard time interval.

Input series:

+-----------------------------+---------------+
|                         Time|root.test.d2.s1|
+-----------------------------+---------------+
|2021-07-01T12:00:00.000+08:00|            1.0|
|2021-07-01T12:00:10.000+08:00|            2.0|
|2021-07-01T12:00:19.000+08:00|            3.0|
|2021-07-01T12:00:30.000+08:00|            4.0|
|2021-07-01T12:00:40.000+08:00|            5.0|
|2021-07-01T12:00:50.000+08:00|            6.0|
|2021-07-01T12:01:01.000+08:00|            7.0|
|2021-07-01T12:01:11.000+08:00|            8.0|
|2021-07-01T12:01:21.000+08:00|            9.0|
|2021-07-01T12:01:31.000+08:00|           10.0|
+-----------------------------+---------------+

SQL for query:

select timestamprepair(s1,'interval'='10000') from root.test.d2

Output series:

+-----------------------------+----------------------------------------------------+
|                         Time|timestamprepair(root.test.d2.s1, "interval"="10000")|
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------------------------+
|2021-07-01T12:00:00.000+08:00|                                                 1.0|
|2021-07-01T12:00:10.000+08:00|                                                 2.0|
|2021-07-01T12:00:20.000+08:00|                                                 3.0|
|2021-07-01T12:00:30.000+08:00|                                                 4.0|
|2021-07-01T12:00:40.000+08:00|                                                 5.0|
|2021-07-01T12:00:50.000+08:00|                                                 6.0|
|2021-07-01T12:01:00.000+08:00|                                                 7.0|
|2021-07-01T12:01:10.000+08:00|                                                 8.0|
|2021-07-01T12:01:20.000+08:00|                                                 9.0|
|2021-07-01T12:01:30.000+08:00|                                                10.0|
+-----------------------------+----------------------------------------------------+

Automatically Estimate the Standard Time Interval

When interval is default, this function estimates the standard time interval.

Input series is the same as above, the SQL for query is shown below:

select timestamprepair(s1) from root.test.d2

Output series:

+-----------------------------+--------------------------------+
|                         Time|timestamprepair(root.test.d2.s1)|
+-----------------------------+--------------------------------+
|2021-07-01T12:00:00.000+08:00|                             1.0|
|2021-07-01T12:00:10.000+08:00|                             2.0|
|2021-07-01T12:00:20.000+08:00|                             3.0|
|2021-07-01T12:00:30.000+08:00|                             4.0|
|2021-07-01T12:00:40.000+08:00|                             5.0|
|2021-07-01T12:00:50.000+08:00|                             6.0|
|2021-07-01T12:01:00.000+08:00|                             7.0|
|2021-07-01T12:01:10.000+08:00|                             8.0|
|2021-07-01T12:01:20.000+08:00|                             9.0|
|2021-07-01T12:01:30.000+08:00|                            10.0|
+-----------------------------+--------------------------------+

ValueFill

Usage

This function is used to impute time series. Several methods are supported.

Name: ValueFill
Input Series: Only support a single input series. The type is INT32 / INT64 / FLOAT / DOUBLE.

Parameters:

  • method: {"mean", "previous", "linear", "likelihood", "AR", "MA", "SCREEN"}, default "linear".
    Method to use for imputation in series. "mean": use global mean value to fill holes; "previous": propagate last valid observation forward to next valid. "linear": simplest interpolation method; "likelihood":Maximum likelihood estimation based on the normal distribution of speed; "AR": auto regression; "MA": moving average; "SCREEN": speed constraint.

Output Series: Output a single series. The type is the same as the input. This series is the input after repairing.

Note: AR method use AR(1) model. Input value should be auto-correlated, or the function would output a single point (0, 0.0).

Examples

Fill with linear

When method is "linear" or the default, Screen method is used to impute.

Input series:

+-----------------------------+---------------+
|                         Time|root.test.d2.s1|
+-----------------------------+---------------+
|2020-01-01T00:00:02.000+08:00|            NaN|
|2020-01-01T00:00:03.000+08:00|          101.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:04.000+08:00|          102.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:06.000+08:00|          104.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:08.000+08:00|          126.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:10.000+08:00|          108.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:14.000+08:00|            NaN|
|2020-01-01T00:00:15.000+08:00|          113.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:16.000+08:00|          114.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:18.000+08:00|          116.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:20.000+08:00|            NaN|
|2020-01-01T00:00:22.000+08:00|            NaN|
|2020-01-01T00:00:26.000+08:00|          124.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:28.000+08:00|          126.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:30.000+08:00|          128.0|
+-----------------------------+---------------+

SQL for query:

select valuefill(s1) from root.test.d2

Output series:

+-----------------------------+-----------------------+
|                         Time|valuefill(root.test.d2)|
+-----------------------------+-----------------------+
|2020-01-01T00:00:02.000+08:00|                    NaN|
|2020-01-01T00:00:03.000+08:00|                  101.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:04.000+08:00|                  102.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:06.000+08:00|                  104.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:08.000+08:00|                  126.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:10.000+08:00|                  108.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:14.000+08:00|                  108.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:15.000+08:00|                  113.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:16.000+08:00|                  114.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:18.000+08:00|                  116.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:20.000+08:00|                  118.7|
|2020-01-01T00:00:22.000+08:00|                  121.3|
|2020-01-01T00:00:26.000+08:00|                  124.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:28.000+08:00|                  126.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:30.000+08:00|                  128.0|
+-----------------------------+-----------------------+

Previous Fill

When method is "previous", previous method is used.

Input series is the same as above, the SQL for query is shown below:

select valuefill(s1,"method"="previous") from root.test.d2

Output series:

+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------+
|                         Time|valuefill(root.test.d2,"method"="previous")|
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------+
|2020-01-01T00:00:02.000+08:00|                                        NaN|
|2020-01-01T00:00:03.000+08:00|                                      101.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:04.000+08:00|                                      102.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:06.000+08:00|                                      104.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:08.000+08:00|                                      126.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:10.000+08:00|                                      108.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:14.000+08:00|                                      110.5|
|2020-01-01T00:00:15.000+08:00|                                      113.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:16.000+08:00|                                      114.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:18.000+08:00|                                      116.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:20.000+08:00|                                      116.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:22.000+08:00|                                      116.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:26.000+08:00|                                      124.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:28.000+08:00|                                      126.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:30.000+08:00|                                      128.0|
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------+

ValueRepair

Usage

This function is used to repair the value of the time series.
Currently, two methods are supported:
Screen is a method based on speed threshold, which makes all speeds meet the threshold requirements under the premise of minimum changes;
LsGreedy is a method based on speed change likelihood, which models speed changes as Gaussian distribution, and uses a greedy algorithm to maximize the likelihood.

Name: VALUEREPAIR

Input Series: Only support a single input series. The type is INT32 / INT64 / FLOAT / DOUBLE.

Parameters:

  • method: The method used to repair, which is 'Screen' or 'LsGreedy'. By default, Screen is used.
  • minSpeed: This parameter is only valid with Screen. It is the speed threshold. Speeds below it will be regarded as outliers. By default, it is the median minus 3 times of median absolute deviation.
  • maxSpeed: This parameter is only valid with Screen. It is the speed threshold. Speeds above it will be regarded as outliers. By default, it is the median plus 3 times of median absolute deviation.
  • center: This parameter is only valid with LsGreedy. It is the center of the Gaussian distribution of speed changes. By default, it is 0.
  • sigma: This parameter is only valid with LsGreedy. It is the standard deviation of the Gaussian distribution of speed changes. By default, it is the median absolute deviation.

Output Series: Output a single series. The type is the same as the input. This series is the input after repairing.

Note: NaN will be filled with linear interpolation before repairing.

Examples

Repair with Screen

When method is 'Screen' or the default, Screen method is used.

Input series:

+-----------------------------+---------------+
|                         Time|root.test.d2.s1|
+-----------------------------+---------------+
|2020-01-01T00:00:02.000+08:00|          100.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:03.000+08:00|          101.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:04.000+08:00|          102.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:06.000+08:00|          104.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:08.000+08:00|          126.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:10.000+08:00|          108.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:14.000+08:00|          112.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:15.000+08:00|          113.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:16.000+08:00|          114.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:18.000+08:00|          116.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:20.000+08:00|          118.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:22.000+08:00|          100.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:26.000+08:00|          124.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:28.000+08:00|          126.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:30.000+08:00|            NaN|
+-----------------------------+---------------+

SQL for query:

select valuerepair(s1) from root.test.d2

Output series:

+-----------------------------+----------------------------+
|                         Time|valuerepair(root.test.d2.s1)|
+-----------------------------+----------------------------+
|2020-01-01T00:00:02.000+08:00|                       100.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:03.000+08:00|                       101.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:04.000+08:00|                       102.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:06.000+08:00|                       104.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:08.000+08:00|                       106.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:10.000+08:00|                       108.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:14.000+08:00|                       112.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:15.000+08:00|                       113.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:16.000+08:00|                       114.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:18.000+08:00|                       116.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:20.000+08:00|                       118.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:22.000+08:00|                       120.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:26.000+08:00|                       124.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:28.000+08:00|                       126.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:30.000+08:00|                       128.0|
+-----------------------------+----------------------------+

Repair with LsGreedy

When method is 'LsGreedy', LsGreedy method is used.

Input series is the same as above, the SQL for query is shown below:

select valuerepair(s1,'method'='LsGreedy') from root.test.d2

Output series:

+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+
|                         Time|valuerepair(root.test.d2.s1, "method"="LsGreedy")|
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+
|2020-01-01T00:00:02.000+08:00|                                            100.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:03.000+08:00|                                            101.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:04.000+08:00|                                            102.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:06.000+08:00|                                            104.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:08.000+08:00|                                            106.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:10.000+08:00|                                            108.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:14.000+08:00|                                            112.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:15.000+08:00|                                            113.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:16.000+08:00|                                            114.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:18.000+08:00|                                            116.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:20.000+08:00|                                            118.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:22.000+08:00|                                            120.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:26.000+08:00|                                            124.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:28.000+08:00|                                            126.0|
|2020-01-01T00:00:30.000+08:00|                                            128.0|
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------+

MasterRepair

Usage

This function is used to clean time series with master data.

Name: MasterRepair
Input Series: Support multiple input series. The types are are in INT32 / INT64 / FLOAT / DOUBLE.

Parameters:

  • omega: The window size. It is a non-negative integer whose unit is millisecond. By default, it will be estimated according to the distances of two tuples with various time differences.
  • eta: The distance threshold. It is a positive number. By default, it will be estimated according to the distance distribution of tuples in windows.
  • k: The number of neighbors in master data. It is a positive integer. By default, it will be estimated according to the tuple dis- tance of the k-th nearest neighbor in the master data.
  • output_column: The repaired column to output, defaults to 1 which means output the repair result of the first column.

Output Series: Output a single series. The type is the same as the input. This series is the input after repairing.

Examples

Input series:

+-----------------------------+------------+------------+------------+------------+------------+------------+
|                         Time|root.test.t1|root.test.t2|root.test.t3|root.test.m1|root.test.m2|root.test.m3|
+-----------------------------+------------+------------+------------+------------+------------+------------+
|2021-07-01T12:00:01.000+08:00|        1704|     1154.55|       0.195|        1704|     1154.55|       0.195|
|2021-07-01T12:00:02.000+08:00|        1702|     1152.30|       0.193|        1702|     1152.30|       0.193|
|2021-07-01T12:00:03.000+08:00|        1702|     1148.65|       0.192|        1702|     1148.65|       0.192|
|2021-07-01T12:00:04.000+08:00|        1701|     1145.20|       0.194|        1701|     1145.20|       0.194|
|2021-07-01T12:00:07.000+08:00|        1703|     1150.55|       0.195|        1703|     1150.55|       0.195|
|2021-07-01T12:00:08.000+08:00|        1694|     1151.55|       0.193|        1704|     1151.55|       0.193|
|2021-07-01T12:01:09.000+08:00|        1705|     1153.55|       0.194|        1705|     1153.55|       0.194|
|2021-07-01T12:01:10.000+08:00|        1706|     1152.30|       0.190|        1706|     1152.30|       0.190|
+-----------------------------+------------+------------+------------+------------+------------+------------+

SQL for query:

select MasterRepair(t1,t2,t3,m1,m2,m3) from root.test

Output series:

+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|                         Time|MasterRepair(root.test.t1,root.test.t2,root.test.t3,root.test.m1,root.test.m2,root.test.m3)|
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|2021-07-01T12:00:01.000+08:00|                                                                                       1704|
|2021-07-01T12:00:02.000+08:00|                                                                                       1702|
|2021-07-01T12:00:03.000+08:00|                                                                                       1702|
|2021-07-01T12:00:04.000+08:00|                                                                                       1701|
|2021-07-01T12:00:07.000+08:00|                                                                                       1703|
|2021-07-01T12:00:08.000+08:00|                                                                                       1704|
|2021-07-01T12:01:09.000+08:00|                                                                                       1705|
|2021-07-01T12:01:10.000+08:00|                                                                                       1706|
+-----------------------------+-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

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