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TsFile Load And Export Tool

About 5 min

TsFile Load And Export Tool

TsFile Load Tool

Introduction

The load external tsfile tool allows users to load tsfiles, delete a tsfile, or move a tsfile to target directory from the running Apache IoTDB instance. Alternatively, you can use scripts to load tsfiles into IoTDB, for more information.

Load with SQL

The user sends specified commands to the Apache IoTDB system through the Cli tool or JDBC to use the tool.

load tsfiles

The command to load tsfiles is load <path/dir> [sglevel=int][verify=true/false][onSuccess=delete/none].

This command has two usages:

  1. Load a single tsfile by specifying a file path (absolute path).

The first parameter indicates the path of the tsfile to be loaded. This command has three options: sglevel, verify, onSuccess.

SGLEVEL option. If the database correspond to the tsfile does not exist, the user can set the level of database through the fourth parameter. By default, it uses the database level which is set in iotdb-datanode.properties.

VERIFY option. If this parameter is true, All timeseries in this loading tsfile will be compared with the timeseries in IoTDB. If existing a measurement which has different datatype with the measurement in IoTDB, the loading process will be stopped and exit. If consistence can be promised, setting false for this parameter will be a better choice.

ONSUCCESS option. The default value is DELETE, which means the processing method of successfully loaded tsfiles, and DELETE means after the tsfile is successfully loaded, it will be deleted. NONE means after the tsfile is successfully loaded, it will be remained in the origin dir.

If the .resource file corresponding to the file exists, it will be loaded into the data directory and engine of the Apache IoTDB. Otherwise, the corresponding .resource file will be regenerated from the tsfile file.

Examples:

  • load '/Users/Desktop/data/1575028885956-101-0.tsfile'
  • load '/Users/Desktop/data/1575028885956-101-0.tsfile' verify=true
  • load '/Users/Desktop/data/1575028885956-101-0.tsfile' verify=false
  • load '/Users/Desktop/data/1575028885956-101-0.tsfile' sglevel=1
  • load '/Users/Desktop/data/1575028885956-101-0.tsfile' onSuccess=delete
  • load '/Users/Desktop/data/1575028885956-101-0.tsfile' verify=true sglevel=1
  • load '/Users/Desktop/data/1575028885956-101-0.tsfile' verify=false sglevel=1
  • load '/Users/Desktop/data/1575028885956-101-0.tsfile' verify=true onSuccess=none
  • load '/Users/Desktop/data/1575028885956-101-0.tsfile' verify=false sglevel=1 onSuccess=delete
  1. Load a batch of files by specifying a folder path (absolute path).

The first parameter indicates the path of the tsfile to be loaded. The options above also works for this command.

Examples:

  • load '/Users/Desktop/data'
  • load '/Users/Desktop/data' verify=false
  • load '/Users/Desktop/data' verify=true
  • load '/Users/Desktop/data' verify=true sglevel=1
  • load '/Users/Desktop/data' verify=false sglevel=1 onSuccess=delete

NOTICE: When $IOTDB_HOME$/conf/iotdb-datanode.properties has enable_auto_create_schema=true, it will automatically create metadata in TSFILE, otherwise it will not be created automatically.

Load with Script

Run rewrite-tsfile.bat if you are in a Windows environment, or rewrite-tsfile.shopen in new window if you are on Linux or Unix.

./load-tsfile.bat -f filePath [-h host] [-p port] [-u username] [-pw password] [--sgLevel int] [--verify true/false] [--onSuccess none/delete]
-f 			File/Directory to be load, required
-h 			IoTDB Host address, optional field, 127.0.0.1 by default
-p 			IoTDB port, optional field, 6667 by default
-u 			IoTDB user name, optional field, root by default
-pw 		IoTDB password, optional field, root by default
--sgLevel 	Sg level of loading Tsfile, optional field, default_storage_group_level in 				iotdb-common.properties by default
--verify 	Verify schema or not, optional field, True by default
--onSuccess Delete or remain origin TsFile after loading, optional field, none by default

Example

Assuming that an IoTDB instance is running on server 192.168.0.101:6667, you want to load all TsFile files from the locally saved TsFile backup folder D:\IoTDB\data into this IoTDB instance.

First move to the folder $IOTDB_HOME/tools/, open the command line, and execute

./load-rewrite.bat -f D:\IoTDB\data -h 192.168.0.101 -p 6667 -u root -pw root

After waiting for the script execution to complete, you can check that the data in the IoTDB instance has been loaded correctly.

Q&A

  • Cannot find or load the main class
    • It may be because the environment variable $IOTDB_HOME is not set, please set the environment variable and try again
  • -f option must be set!
    • The input command is missing the -f field (file or folder path to be loaded) or the -u field (user name), please add it and re-execute
  • What if the execution crashes in the middle and you want to reload?
    • You re-execute the command just now, reloading the data will not affect the correctness after loading

TsFile can help you export the result set in the format of TsFile file to the specified path by executing the sql, command line sql, and sql file.

TsFile Export Tool

Syntax

# Unix/OS X
> tools/export-tsfile.sh  -h <ip> -p <port> -u <username> -pw <password> -td <directory> [-f <export filename> -q <query command> -s <sql file>]

# Windows
> tools\export-tsfile.bat -h <ip> -p <port> -u <username> -pw <password> -td <directory> [-f <export filename> -q <query command> -s <sql file>]
  • -h <host>:
    • The host address of the IoTDB service.
  • -p <port>:
    • The port number of the IoTDB service.
  • -u <username>:
    • The username of the IoTDB service.
  • -pw <password>:
    • Password for IoTDB service.
  • -td <directory>:
    • Specify the output path for the exported TsFile file.
  • -f <tsfile name>:
    • For the file name of the exported TsFile file, just write the file name, and cannot include the file path and suffix. If the sql file or console input contains multiple sqls, multiple files will be generated in the order of sql.
    • Example: There are three SQLs in the file or command line, and -f param is "dump", then three TsFile files: dump0.tsfile、dump1.tsfile、dump2.tsfile will be generated in the target path.
  • -q <query command>:
    • Directly specify the query statement you want to execute in the command.
    • Example: select * from root.** limit 100
  • -s <sql file>:
    • Specify a SQL file that contains one or more SQL statements. If an SQL file contains multiple SQL statements, the SQL statements should be separated by newlines. Each SQL statement corresponds to an output TsFile file.
  • -t <timeout>:
    • Specifies the timeout period for session queries, in milliseconds

In addition, if you do not use the -s and -q parameters, after the export script is started, you need to enter the query statement as prompted by the program, and different query results will be saved to different TsFile files.

example

# Unix/OS X
> tools/export-tsfile.sh -h 127.0.0.1 -p 6667 -u root -pw root -td ./
# or
> tools/export-tsfile.sh -h 127.0.0.1 -p 6667 -u root -pw root -td ./ -q "select * from root.**"
# Or
> tools/export-tsfile.sh -h 127.0.0.1 -p 6667 -u root -pw root -td ./ -s ./sql.txt
# Or
> tools/export-tsfile.sh -h 127.0.0.1 -p 6667 -u root -pw root -td ./ -s ./sql.txt -f myTsFile
# Or
> tools/export-tsfile.sh -h 127.0.0.1 -p 6667 -u root -pw root -td ./ -s ./sql.txt -f myTsFile -t 10000

# Windows
> tools/export-tsfile.bat -h 127.0.0.1 -p 6667 -u root -pw root -td ./
# Or
> tools/export-tsfile.bat -h 127.0.0.1 -p 6667 -u root -pw root -td ./ -q "select * from root.**"
# Or
> tools/export-tsfile.bat -h 127.0.0.1 -p 6667 -u root -pw root -td ./ -s ./sql.txt
# Or
> tools/export-tsfile.bat -h 127.0.0.1 -p 6667 -u root -pw root -td ./ -s ./sql.txt -f myTsFile
# Or
> tools/export-tsfile.sh -h 127.0.0.1 -p 6667 -u root -pw root -td ./ -s ./sql.txt -f myTsFile -t 10000

example

  • It is recommended not to execute the write data command at the same time when loading data, which may lead to insufficient memory in the JVM.

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